Canada played an active role in promoting the agreement, and Immigration Minister Ahmed Hussen said Monday that Canada would sign despite Conservative concerns. The agreement is not legally binding, raising concerns among NGOs and human rights defenders about provisions that are not fully implemented. Despite all the resistance, 164 nations today agreed on the global pact for better migration management. To this end, the pact proposes a „360-degree vision of migration,“ which recognizes the need for better cooperation to enable safe and orderly migration. The draft agreement lists 23 objectives and commitments. This includes collecting and using accurate and anonymous data to develop an evidence-based migration policy, to ensure the identity of all migrants, to improve the availability and flexibility of regular migration, to promote cooperation in monitoring missing persons and to save lives, to ensure that migrants have access to basic services and to provide provisions for both the full participation of migrants and the social cohesion.  Goal 17, which condemns discrimination against migrants, has been criticized for taking steps to „shape the perception of migration“. Dutch MEP Marcel de Graaff raised questions by proposing to compensate news agencies that defend anti-immigration rhetoric and said the pact could be used to criminalize political criticism.  The UN Global Compact on Migration contains non-binding guidelines for an integrated approach to international migration. The DW is looking at the agreement and why some nations strongly oppose it.
The agreement stresses that all migrants agree on universal human rights and strives to eliminate all forms of discrimination, including racism, xenophobia and intolerance towards migrants and their families. New Zealand: On December 19, 2018, the Labour-led coalition government announced that New Zealand would vote in favour of the pact after being consulted by the Crown Law Office and the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Foreign Minister Winston Peters defended his government`s decision on the grounds that „the pact is not legally binding and does not prevent New Zealand from defining its own migration policy.“ The government`s decision was rejected by National Party opposition leader Simon Bridges, who said the pact could not distinguish between legal and illegal migration and limit the ability of future governments to define foreign and immigration policy.  Support for „safe“ migration But UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned at last week`s summit in Morocco that world leaders must sign the text that „we must not succumb to fear and false narratives.“ One of the main reasons the pact has been at the centre of so much debate is that immigration is a major issue in Europe, says Dennison. It will continue in 2019, on the eve of the European elections. Migration Commissioner Dimitris Avramopoulous said the adoption of the pact would send a „clear signal“ to African countries that European countries were ready to cooperate to meet the migration challenge. A UN conference in Morocco on Monday (December 10th) adopted a pact on migration before heads of state and government and representatives of more than 160 countries, despite a series of resignations, including several EU countries, driven by anti-immigration populism. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau responded that his government would continue to champion immigration and support diversity. A year later, 193 member states signed the New York Declaration calling for a migration pact to be adopted by the end of 2018. At the same event, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said „myths“ about the agreement. A better approach to facilitate safe and orderly migration is at the heart of the agreement.